The Role of USMC MOS 0341 Mortarman on the Battlefield is an essential part of the United States Marine Corps which is known for its discipline, bravery, and toughness. They are always ready to respond to emergencies, natural disasters, and conflicts. One of the critical Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) in the Marine Corps is the Mortarman MOS 0341. In this blog, we will discuss the role, responsibilities, and history of the USMC MOS 0341 Mortarman.
The History of the Mortarman
The Mortarman MOS was created in 1922 to provide the Marine Corps with indirect fire support during combat. The first use of mortars in the Marine Corps dates back to World War I, where they were used to great effect. Mortars were later used in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the War on Terror.
The Mortarman MOS has been an essential part of the Marine Corps for nearly a century, and the Marine Corps continues to rely on Mortarmen to provide indirect fire support during combat operations.
The Role and Responsibilities of the Mortarman
The Mortarman is responsible for providing indirect fire support to ground forces during combat. Mortarmen use mortars, which are tube-shaped weapons that launch explosive projectiles at high angles. The Mortarman’s primary responsibilities include the following:
- Fire Support Planning: The Mortarman works closely with other members of the fire support team to plan and coordinate indirect fire support.
- Weapon Operation: The Mortarman is responsible for setting up and operating the mortar system, including loading and firing the weapon.
- Communications: The Mortarman is responsible for communicating with other members of the fire support team and ground forces to ensure that indirect fire support is provided accurately and timely.
- Maintenance: The Mortarman is responsible for maintaining the mortar system, including cleaning and repairing the weapon and ammunition.
- Security: The Mortarman is responsible for providing security for the mortar system and the fire support team.
Mortarmen work in teams and are assigned to different units within the Marine Corps, including infantry battalions, artillery units, and reconnaissance units.
The Weapons Used by Mortarmen
Mortarmen use a variety of weapons to provide indirect fire support, including the M224 60mm Mortar, the M252 81mm Mortar, and the Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS) 120mm Mortar.
The M224 60mm Mortar is a lightweight, portable weapon that can be operated by two to three Marines. The weapon has a range of approximately 3,500 meters and can fire a variety of rounds, including high explosive, smoke, and illumination.
The M252 81mm Mortar is a larger, more powerful weapon that can be operated by a four-person team. The weapon has a range of approximately 5,900 meters and can fire a variety of rounds, including high explosive, smoke, and illumination.
The EFSS 120mm Mortar is a relatively new addition to the Marine Corps’ arsenal. It is a lightweight, mobile weapon that can be transported by helicopter and can be operated by a three-person team. The weapon has a range of approximately 16,000 meters and can fire a variety of rounds, including high explosive, smoke, and illumination.
The Mortarman MOS is a critical part of the Marine Corps. Mortarmen provide essential indirect fire support to ground forces during combat operations. The Marine Corps continues to rely on Mortarmen to provide this critical support, and Mortarmen continue to be among the best and brightest in the Marine Corps. Mortarmen must be physically fit, mentally tough, and have excellent communication and coordination skills.
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